A former English teacher, Ma started Alibaba in 1999 and built it into one of the world's most consequential e-commerce and digital payments companies, transforming how Chinese people shop and pay for things. The Chinese e-commerce giant, since then is being managed by its current CEO Daniel Zhang, who is likely to succeed Ma after his retirement. His birthday also coincides with a the Chinese holiday of Teacher's Day, which celebrates educators. But he has also said in the past that he isn't happy being the wealthiest person in China, where vast personal fortunes have only emerged in recent years and are subject to intense scrutiny.
As Alibaba has flourished, Ma has talked many times about how he did not want to spend his whole life at the company, saying he would retire one day and go back to teaching. Ma's net worth is $39.9 billion, according to Bloomberg's Billionaires Index. "All these things that I've been preparing for 10 years".
Alibaba started as a business-to-business marketplace, but had enormous growth when it started selling to consumers.
Ma's success was evident after Alibaba's Taobao bested eBay in China, forcing the United States auction site to largely withdraw from the country in 2006. Firms including Alibaba, Tencent, Baidu and JD.com have flourished in recent years, growing to almost rival American internet behemoths like Amazon and Google in their size, scope and ambition. Ma will remain on Alibaba's board of directors and continue to mentor the company's management.
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And it is likely to compound Trump's sense of paranoia that he is surrounded by advisers who may be duplicitous and untrustworthy. A defiant Mr Trump, holding an event with sheriffs at the White House, lashed out at the Times for publishing the op-ed.
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News of the letter caught up with Pompeo in New Delhi, where he was traveling with US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis . Trump responded to the op-ed in a previously scheduled White House meeting with sheriffs from across the country.
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Throughout his testimony , Kavanaugh has repeatedly insisted he fully embraces the importance of judicial independence. Democrats have been pressing Kavanaugh for his views on abortion rights, gun control and other issues.
"The first time I used the internet, I touched on the keyboard and I find 'well, this is something I believe, it is something that is going to change the world and change China, '" Ma once told CNN.
A devotee of tai chi, he has made references to Chinese martial arts in both business strategy and corporate culture.
Beijing has announced plans to regulate the country's highly popular video game industry, including restrictions on the number of new releases to address concerns over children's eyesight and gaming addiction. Liu Qiangdong, the billionaire founder of online retailer JD.com, was arrested on rape charges last week on a business trip to Minneapolis.