Shortly thereafter, the former president's Workers' Party (PT) vowed to "fight with all means" to secure candidacy for the leftist icon.
Former Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva has had his presidential bid stalled after the Latin American country's top electoral court ruled on Friday that the veteran politician is ineligible to run due to his corruption conviction.
Lula is ineligible for office under Brazil's "Clean Slate" law, which prohibits candidates from running if they have convictions that have been upheld on appeal.
Lula has been in prison since April on corruption charges which he claims are a sham.
Lula's Workers' Party is expected to appeal the decision to the Supreme Court and has until September 17 to replace Lula with another candidate or forfeit the ticket.
The majority of the court agreed with Barroso that the United Nations recommendation could not supersede a "clean slate" law that bars candidates who have been convicted of serious crimes.
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In an extraordinary session the Superior Electoral Court dashed Mr da Silva's hopes after six hours of debate, with the result coming in at 4-1 before the last two judges cast their votes - enough to seal his fate.
But unlike Lula, former Sao Paulo mayor Haddad commands little popular support.
Lula, who left the presidency with a record approval rating of 87 per cent, consolidated support for his candidacy in the aftermath of his arrest. His conviction was upheld by an appeals court in January.
Many see the court decision as a marker in Brazil's fight against endemic corruption.
Lula is now serving a 12-year sentence for a corruption conviction. "The best way to protect these efforts is through the strict legality and swift resolution of eventual disputes". The ruling comes after the UN Human Rights Committee appealed to the Brazilian government, asking it to allow the former president to exercise his political rights. He faces seven other corruption cases. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), signed a letter questioning the merits of Lula's imprisonment.
He also accused political opponents of convicting him without evidence in an attempt to take him out of the election.
The end of Lula's candidacy opens the electoral field to runner-up Jair Bolsonaro, a right-wing former soldier whose platform includes gun legalisation and weaker environmental regulations.