President Donald Trump is set to announce his nomination for the next Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, to fill the seat vacated by Justice Anthony Kennedy when he announced his retirement on the last day of the Supreme Court session on June 28th.
Trump says Kavanaugh has "impeccable credentials and unsurpassed qualifications".
Judge Kavanaugh now faces what could be a hard fight for confirmation by the US Senate, where Republicans hold only a slim majority.
"He's a brilliant jurist with a clear and effective writing style, universally regarded as one of the finest and sharpest legal minds of our time".
He has served since 2006 on the influential US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit and was formerly a White House aide under George W Bush.
Favored by many Republicans for his work with Solicitor General Ken Starr to impeach President Bill Clinton in the 1990s, the Yale graduate also appears to have many critics. Last week, Collins said "I would not support a nominee who would demonstrate hostility to Roe v. Wade".
If Democrats maintain total unity, a single GOP defection could be enough to sink Kavanaugh's nomination. As a judge on the US Court of Appeals in Washington he has written opinions on some of the nation's most sensitive issues. They're extreme anti-abortion folks. "A judge must interpret the Constitution as written". The New York Times first reported McConnell's call with Trump.
Some may criticize him for not going far enough to deliver a preferred political outcome in some cases but results-oriented analysis is anathema to the very judicial philosophy for which Judge Kavanaugh and the rest of President Trump's nominees have been duly praised.
There's so much at stake with Donald Trump's pick.
He's expected to meet with Kavanaugh on Tuesday. Once that is done and Kavanaugh has completed a questionnaire from the Judiciary Committee, formal hearings can begin.
The US Supreme Court is the ultimate arbiter on contentious laws and disputes between states and the federal government.
The Republican caucus has a 51-49 advantage in the Senate, but one key member, Sen. "There's no way to sugarcoat it", said Dawn Laguens, Planned Parenthood executive vice president.
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Kavanaugh would keep the number of Catholics on the high court at five.
Kavanaugh is likely to be more conservative than Justice Kennedy on a range of social issues. "The members of that community disagree about many things but we are united by a commitment to serve". Kavanaugh will need to be confirmed by a majority of the Senate before taking his place as one of the nine Supreme Court justices.
Trump made his final decision to nominate Kavanaugh on Sunday night. Joe Donnelly of Indiana, Heidi Heitkamp of North Dakota, Doug Jones of Alabama, Joe Manchin of West Virginia and Dianne Feinstein of California.
Trump also hopes to pressure several Democrats into voting to confirm his nominee.
Capito said she does not think the court will overturn the ruling. As a woman and mother, she could upend the narrative pushed by Democrats that Trump's pick would erode women's rights.
"This is a nightmare for red-state Democrats to oppose a highly qualified nominee, and all four of these people are highly qualified, been on the court, know what they're doing, mainstream judges", Graham said.
A favorite of the Republican legal establishment in Washington, Kavanaugh, 53, is a former law clerk for retiring Justice Anthony Kennedy.
"I especially want to express our gratitude to Mitch McConnell for all that he did to make this achievement possible", Trump said.
He added: "In particular, Congress might consider a law exempting a President - while in office - from criminal prosecution and investigation, including from questioning by criminal prosecutors or defense counsel".
Senate Republicans' stonewalling strategy extended to lower courts as well. "The president introduced me tonight as Judge Kavanaugh - but to me that title will always belong to my mom", Kavanaugh said when he accepted Mr. Trump's nomination.
As a result, Trump found more than twice as many judicial vacancies waiting for him when he entered the White House as Obama did.