In the Midwest alone, hospital visits for opioid overdoses rose 70 percent during that time, according to the March CDC report.
Overdoses increased by almost 30 percent between July 2016 and September 2017, which works out to around 142,557 emergency visits.
"We're now seeing the highest drug overdose death rates ever recorded in the United States, driven by prescription opioids and by illicit opioids such as heroin and illicitly-manufactured fentanyl,"Anne Schuchat, MD, acting director of the CDC, said during a telebriefing on the report".
Dr. Nirav D. Shah, director of the Illinois Department of Public Health, said the rise in overdoses in the state is not unexpected given the upsurge in fentanyl-laced heroin across the state.
"The fast-moving opioid overdose epidemic continues and is accelerating ..."
The latest data could underestimate the overdoses, because many people who overdose never end up in the emergency room.
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Roughly 2.4 million Americans have an opioid use disorder, according to federal estimates. Timely treatment with naloxone can reverse the effects of opioids. The only significant drop was in Kentucky (15 percent).
Emergency departments at SSM Health St. Mary's in both Madison and Sun Prairie started a program where people who overdose are encouraged to seek drug treatment.
But Smith, at the medical association, said that while Portland may have more access to Narcan, that may not be the case in more rural parts of Maine.
"We know that up to 90 percent of people will relapse in the first year going through rehab", he said.
Schuchat called the report "concerning", but said there are opportunities for hospitals, law enforcement and community groups to create partnerships to address the crisis. "EDs can link these patients to mental health and substance abuse treatment centers, which can assist them in gaining access to medication-assisted treatment", Adams said.
The report did not go into whether opioid deaths also rose during the same period studied, since death certificate data can take longer to gather.
"The science is clear: addiction is a chronic disease and not a moral failing". Opioid overdoses in large central metropolitan areas increased by 54%.