"The last time there was a celestial alignment of these three things was in 1982", says Petro. They happen every few years, and we'll see another one on January 21st, 2019, which will be visible over all of North and South America. Maximum eclipse occurs when the entire moon sits within the umbra.
Finally it'll also be a blood moon, which is a total eclipse that, with dimmed light passing through the Earth's atmosphere, gives the moon a red hue. People will be encouraged to ask about the event and their misconception related to lunar eclipses will be cleared by faculty members and students of IIA. For those of us in the Northeast, it will be a partial eclipse visible in the early morning hours of January 31. Will the moon glow blue, red or even purple?
To take a picture of the supermoon or the lunar eclipse with a smartphone, tap on the moon on the screen and hold your finger in place to lock the camera's focus. But that means that the next month, February, is without a full moon.
To make sense of all the lunacy, we present some basic definitions of the various full moons. Because of that ellipse shape, every month the moon has a minimum distance to the Earth at just over 221,000 miles called perigee, and its maximum distance dubbed apogee at almost 253,000 miles from our terrestrial home.
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The supermoon is, perhaps, a little overhyped. You can decide for yourself how impressive that is. However, 2018 is a unique year, and the solar and lunar calendars align so there will be another blue moon on March 31. The full moon on January 1 was also a super moon, and appeared closer to Earth than the one to come. Because the moon's cycle takes just over 29 days, the event can occur in any month when a full moon rises on the first or second night of the month. He says that it's important to keep in mind that the moon is a moving object: "It's a balancing act between trying to get the right exposure and realizing that the shutter speed typically needs to be a lot faster".
The original meaning was the third full moon in a season that had four full moons (as opposed to the three full moons you'd normally expect during a season). This will be the only eclipse of any kind for the USA this year; the next total lunar happens on January 20-21, 2019, with the moon high in the evening sky. A blue supermoon eclipse.
Why is this such a big deal? Rather, it's lit by light filtered through the Earth's atmosphere, via the same spectral filtering - a mechanism known as Rayleigh scattering - that causes red sunsets and sunrises. That is the time when the sun is on one side of Earth and the moon is on the opposite side. What's not to be fascinated by? Unfortunately we'll only see a bit of it. The turnouts provide a decent W/NW horizon and elevation for a good view of the setting/eclipsed Moon. The moon orbits our planet from between 233,000 miles and 253,000 miles away. But I encourage you to watch for it.