Since taking office, Mr Trump has been vocal in his support for nuclear weapons, having talked about increasing the US's stockpile and also having threatened North Korea with "fire and fury like the world has never seen".
The report, recently released, went on to add that cyber vulnerabilities within nuclear weapons systems and structures present a whole set of dangers and risks. "Cyber-attack methods such as data manipulation, digital jamming [DoS] and cyber spoofing could jeopardize the integrity of communication, leading to increased uncertainty in decision-making".
"Presently, this is a relatively ungoverned space and these vulnerabilities could serve to undermine the overall integrity of national nuclear weapons systems", the report continued.
The development of a low-yield warhead for a sea-launched ballistic missile is based on the belief that in any conflict with Russia on Nato's eastern flank, the Russians would use a tactical nuclear weapon early on, to compensate for their relative weakness in conventional arms.
Nuclear weapons systems are under threat from criminal groups, hostile states and terrorist organisations exploiting cyber vulnerabities, according to the report.
"Cyber risks in nuclear weapons systems have thus far received scant attention from the nuclear weapons policy community", it added.
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Mr Straw detected a "pretty high degree of questioning about where Iran goes", he told the Guardian newspaper. The agreement requires Iran to curb nuclear activities in exchange for sanctions relief, according to RFE/RL.
Rather, the turn in USA policy is toward developing weapons that would allow Washington to initiate a so-called "limited" nuclear war in pursuit of its global aims.
"The potential impacts of a cyber attack on nuclear weapons systems are enormous", they said, because data hacks can reveal sensitive information on facilities' layouts, personnel details, and design and operational information. This unknown could have implications for military decision-making, particularly for decisions affecting nuclear weapons deterrence policies.
Kate Hudson, General Secretary of the Campaign for Nuclear DIsarmament said, "This unsafe new policy expands the role of nuclear weapons in USA foreign policy and makes nuclear war more likely".
"The United States already possesses a diverse array of nuclear capabilities, and there is no evidence that more usable weapons will strengthen deterrence of adversaries or compel them to make different choices about their arsenals", Kimball wrote on the Arms Control Today website.
This could "infect digital components of a system at any time", which the think-tank said could lead to countries launching nuclear weapons by accident. "These should incorporate an analysis of a combination of threats, vulnerabilities and consequences".
"We can not stand idly by as Donald Trump holds us all hostage to his petulant mood swings", Bruce Blair, a veteran nuclear launch officer and co-founder of the Global Zero movement to eliminate nuclear weapons, said in a statement.